One of the earliest known descriptions of epilepsy comes from an Akkadian cuneiform medical text known as the Diagnostic Handbook, a medical treatise recorded on clay tablets that was copied over and over again from the late second millennium BCE to the middle of the first millennium BCE. The tablet above is a Neo-Babylonian manuscript of Tablet 26 of the Diagnostic Handbook, which deals extensively with symptoms of epilepsy and includes some of the earliest known descriptions of the disease.
Neo-Babylonian, ca. 626-539 BCE.
From the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative, “A Tablet on Epilepsy”.